AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR
Rather than forking out thousands to top up your tan flying to world renowned destinations such New York, Paris and Barcelona, how about a destination that offers you beautiful weather, breath taking natural scenery and a unique cultural experience. Azad Jammu & Kashmir is very rich in natural beauty with its snow-covered peaks, dense forests, winding rivers, turbulent foaming streams, wheat-scented valleys, velvet green plateaus and climate varying from arctic to tropical. All these ingredients join together to make it an excellent tourist attraction. Valleys like Neelum, Jhelum, Leepa, Rawalakot, Banjosa, and Samahni & Baghser unfold delightful scenic beauty and provide a feast of pleasure to a discerning tourist’s eyes. Azad Jammu & Kashmir is a fascinating land of people, languages & culture and the texture of present population is composed of races claiming their descent from Semitic, Mongoloid, Aryans, Persians, Turks and Arabs. The people of districts Kotli, Mirpur & Bhimber are sturdy, simple, truthful and deeply attached to their land. The culture of this area resembles to that of the adjoining area of Punjab.
The Kashmir dispute is the oldest unresolved international dispute in the world today. Pakistan considers Kashmir as its core political dispute with India. The state of Jammu and Kashmir has historically remained independent, except in the anarchical conditions of the late 18th and first half of the 19th century, or when incorporated in the vast empires set up by the Mauryas (3rd century BC), the Mughals (16th to 18th century) and the British (mid-19th to mid-20th century).
The State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has a parliamentary form of Government. The President is the constitutional head of the State, while the Prime Minister, supported by a Council of Ministers, is the Chief Executive. The democratic setup was introduced in 1970 under the presidential system on the basis of adult franchise. For the first time the people of AJ&K and the refugees of Jammu and Kashmir elected the Legislative Assembly as well as President for Azad Jammu and Kashmir on the basis of adult franchise. In 1975, for the first time in the history of AJ&K, a parliamentary system was introduced where the Prime Minister was elected by the majority of the votes of the Legislative Assembly.
The Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in collaboration with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of Pakistan has constructed two small airports at Muzaffarabad and Rawalakot cities in the recent past in order to provide an easy and fast mode of travel (flights presently suspended). The facility is also expected to be extended to the cities of Mirpur and Kotli.
Area – 5134 Square Miles (13297 Square Kilometres)
Topography – Mainly hilly and mountainous with valleys and plains
Climate – Sub-tropical highland type
Temperature – 45.2 degrees Celsius (maximum) -2.5 degrees Celsius (minimum)
Main rivers – Jhelum, Neelum, Poonch